Home » Manual » Classification of vehicles by classes and by body type

Classification of vehicles by classes and by body type

According to the classification, passenger cars are divided into ten main classes. Given that there is no single system, the classes may vary from country to country. As for Russia, the European classification of cars by classes is used. This system is based on a division by size.

Class A is represented by models of the most compact size: length, not exceeding 3.6 m and width less than 1520 mm. Given the small size, the three-door version is mostly used. Such cars are quite common, especially among women, as they are very comfortable to drive on roads full of cars.

As for technical characteristics, including driving qualities, this variant is rather mediocre, and service at cost is practically not inferior to its large-sized brothers. The advantage can be called a significantly lower gasoline consumption. An example of such cars can serve Ford Ka, Daewoo Matiz, Peugeot 106.

Class B is represented by models slightly larger than in the previous class. The length of such cars is from 3.5 to 4 m. There are both low-power and medium-power models. This class also includes cars with front drive, the body type is three-door, but there are also five-door versions.

Today, this class has slightly expanded its range, introducing a universal and spacious, despite the small size, type of car. Class B models are convenient for city trips, have technical and running characteristics slightly above average. But for long trips of five, they are unlikely to be suitable, as they are somewhat tight, due to the rather modest size.

Class C is also presented in the classification of passenger cars. Models of this class are very common, even if you can say that this is the most popular car of average size and quite high performance. It is 3.9 to 4.4 m long and 1.75 m wide. Despite some compactness, such cars are capacious. Examples are Audi A3, Daewoo Nexia, Mercedes-Benz A-class, Opel Astra.

Class D is next in classification. Dimensions of these cars are already noticeably larger than that of their previous brethren. Thus, the maximum length reaches 4.7 m, and the width is in the range from 1.7 to 1.8 m. Such models belong to the middle class. Given that they are widely distributed among consumers, this market is very actively developing, constantly improving performance and introducing new machines.

Class D cars are spacious and suitable for travel in a company of five people and with luggage. Common types of bodywork: sedan, hatchback, UPV, as well as a multipurpose vehicle. As for the cost, the choice is wide, starting with affordable cars and ending with luxury cars. Bright representatives of this class are Daewoo Nubira, Honda Accord, Skoda Octavia, Subaru Legacy, Toyota Avensis.

Class E. There is some difference in European and domestic classification. Thus, the Russian automotive market presents models belonging to this class as consumer. Europe classifies such cars as the highest middle class. Thanks to this classification, a slightly overestimated price becomes clear, which sometimes is not affordable for the middle class. Therefore, the level of sales has fallen to date compared to previous times.

Dimensions of E-class cars are: length exceeds 4.6 m, width – up to 1.7 m. Due to such dimensions these cars are very spacious, however, there is not always a need for such a large car, given its high cost.

Class F is represented by models of the highest class, which is designed for a narrow circle of consumers. Accordingly, the characteristics of these cars are the best, with high power and increased comfort. The body type used in Class F models is exclusively sedan. As for dimensions, the length exceeds 4.6 m, and the range of width of cars starts from 1.7 m. Examples are Lexus LS400, Audi A8, BMW 7 series, Mercedes-Benz S-class, Jaguar XJ8.

The next class in the classification is a minivan and an all-purpose high-capacity vehicle (UPV). The purpose of models in this class implies their use by a large family, for long trips by the company up to eight people. Rear seats are conveniently transformed into a luggage compartment. Minivans are impressive in size, type of door, often of sliding character. UPVs, as a rule, have swing type of doors, and they are somewhat similar to passenger cars.

The next step in the classification of passenger cars by class is SUVs. Such cars are quite widespread due to endurance on difficult road sections, which is very important in Russia, taking into account not always quality roadway. Also for long trips out of town this option is perfectly suitable. It is provided with reinforced suspension.

SUVs are very spacious and can carry up to 9 people. The body type can be 3- or 5-door. This class has its own classification and is divided into three car types: small, medium and large. Speaking about the cost, it should be noted that the model range of this type of cars is quite wide and the price also varies. But the overwhelming majority of SUVs mean high cost for the majority of population.

The class of coupe. It includes cars with the type of coupe body. It is the most impractical technique due to small capacity and low comfort level. So, the car has low landing, and rigid enough suspension creates a zone of heightened sensitivity in interior because passengers feel all roughness and bumps of a roadway. But practically all models with a body of a coupe have very effective sports appearance, therefore, also enjoy quite good demand. Examples of such models are Audi TT Coupe, BMW Coupe 3 series, Mercedes-Benz CLK, Peugeot 406 Coupe, Jaguar XK8 Coupe.

And finally, the class with open body, which includes convertibles and spiders. Such cars are not suitable for any region of Russia, given, for the most part, the harsh climate. In addition, the overvalued price allows buying these models only for a narrow range of customers. That is why it is not often possible to find cars with a folding top on the roads.
Classification of cars by body type

You can divide cars by a wide variety of criteria. It all depends on what is decisive in your selection. For example, there is a classification of cars by type of bodywork. There are three body types: open, closed and combined.

Each of them has its own model range.

  • The closed body has the following variations:
    • Sedan. Cars with this type of body are equipped with two or three rows of seats with the number of doors two or four.
    • Hatchback. Mixed body type (cargo-passenger), as it is possible to transform the rear row of seats into an additional luggage compartment.
    • Elevator back. It’s practically the same hatchback, only visually it looks like a sedan.
    • It’s a universal. It belongs to the cargo-passenger type of cars, inside there is no separation of the seat and luggage compartment, i.e. most often the boot is closed with a shelf-shutter.
    • Vehicle. It has one or two rows of seats and is equipped with a partition between the boot and passenger seats. The number of side doors varies from two to three, depending on the vehicle brand.
    • Coupe. Two-door small-size version.
    • Limousine. Cars of this type have a partition separating the driver, and three rows of seats. In some models, the second row of seats is perpendicular to the rest.
    • Hardtop. Equipped with two or four doors, these models have no side center column.
  • The open body is divided:
    • Convertible. In this version, the side windows are lowered and the top is transformed and removed.
    • Rodster. Passenger body type, has one row of seats and removable hard top, but there are models with transformable top.
  • Combined body:
    • A pickup truck is a cargo-passenger type of body. It consists of a closed two or four-seater cabin and an open cargo body. Rear side of the cargo platform by design of folding.
    • Lando. Such body has a top, located above the rear row of seats, which is easily transformable.

Such classifications are able to facilitate the choice of type and class of the vehicle, if it is impossible to make it on their own for various reasons, whether it is a lack of experience in such matters or increased employment.

Comments are closed.